WWIII could start over Philippines dispute in South China Sea, China ‘not respecting’ treaties, expert says

Beijing warned that World War III could break out in the South China Sea as it increasingly shifts its attention to the Philippines, with territorial disputes driving tensions ever higher. 

“Although we have a mutual defense treaty with the Philippines, China is not respecting it,” Gordon Chang, a China expert and fellow at the Gatestone Institute, told Fox News Digital. 

“It was twice last month, on the 5th and the 29th, that the State Department issued written warnings to China that we were prepared to use force to discharge our obligations pursuant to article four of the U.S. Philippines Mutual Defense Treaty,” Chang explained. “That’s a warning that we are prepared to go to war.”

First reported by MEMRI’s China Media Studies Project, the state-owned and -operated news outlet China Daily earlier this week published an op-ed titled “Manila must be warned against horrors of war” by Yang Xiao, deputy director of the Institute of Maritime Strategy Studies at the China Institutes of Contemporary International Relations.


Yang, a frequently featured expert in a range of China Daily articles, drew connections between the current tensions between China and the Philippines and tensions in Pre-World War I Europe.

Filipino soldiers take part in a flag raising ceremony

Filipino soldiers take part in a flag raising ceremony on Mavulis Island during a trip of the chief of staff of the Armed Forces of the Philippines, in Batanes, Philippines, June 29, 2023. Batanes, a group of idyllic islands at the country’s northernmost tip, lies just 140 kilometers from Taiwan. (Ezra Acayan/Pool via Reuters/File Photo)

The article notes at the bottom that “the views don’t necessarily reflect those of China Daily,” but Yang engages in an inflammatory discussion of history and current tensions, referring to the “Sarajevo gunshot” after warning against Philippine politicians’ “flirtation with the U.S. in the hope of gaining the upper hand in the maritime dispute with China.” 

“The lessons of World War I should be heeded, especially by small states, because triggering a conflict will serve no country’s interest,” Yang wrote. 

xi jinping military

 Chinese President Xi Jinping reviews the honor guard during a welcome ceremony at The Great Hall of the People on November 22, 2023, in Beijing, China.  (Florence Lo – Pool/Getty Images)

Later in the piece, Yang wrote that American “decision-makers” should realize that “the U.S.’s military intervention on behalf of the Philippines would also be disastrous for neighboring countries. The South China Sea has been a sea of peace and cooperation.”


“Only a handful of leaders in the Philippines, ignoring the increasing challenges, such as rising prices, at home, are stirring up the extreme sentiments of the people by feeding them anti-China rhetoric,” Yang wrote. “What they don’t realize is that once the “Sarajevo gunshot” is fired in Asia, the innocent people in East and Southeast Asian countries will become the biggest victims of war.”

Boats in the South China Sea

In this screen grab from video provided by the Armed Forces of the Philippines, a Chinese coast guard ship uses water cannons and closely maneuvers beside a Philippine resupply vessel Unaizah May 4 as it approaches Second Thomas Shoal, locally called Ayungin shoal, at the disputed South China Sea on Saturday, March 23, 2024.  (Armed Forces of the Philippines via AP)

China has most recently hassled the Philippines over disputed fishing shoals, with Chinese coast guards trying to chase Filipino fishermen away and leading to tense standoffs between the two.

Last year saw a series of near-clashes between the two coast guards near the Second Thomas Shoal. The Philippine authorities protested China’s use of a water cannon and military-grade lasers.


FILE: In this handout photo provided by the Philippine Coast Guard, a Chinese coast guard ship approaches a Philippine coast guard ship, foreground, causing a minor collision, in the vicinity of Second Thomas Shoal on Tuesday, March 5, 2024.  (Philippine Coast Guard via AP)

China established a claim to the Scarborough Shoal in 2012, after which the Philippines formally launched a protest that went before a United Nations-backed tribunal. A 2016 ruling went against China, rejecting Beijing’s claims on “historical grounds,” but Beijing rejected the arbitration and its outcome. 


The U.S., Japan, Australia and the Philippines on Apr. 7 will conduct the first full-scale joint naval exercise between the nations in the disputed territories to demonstrate fleet interoperability and provide a show of strength for China. The nations will then hold a summit in which they are expected to announce plans for joint patrols in the area later this year, according to Politico. 

Two ships nearly colliding

This image, released by the Armed Forces of the Philippines, shows a Chinese militia vessel, top, near Philippine coast guard vessel BRP Cabra as they approach Second Thomas Shoal, locally called Ayungin Shoal, in the disputed South China Sea on Sunday Oct. 22, 2023.  (Armed Forces of the Philippines via AP)

Chang argued that this kind of scattershot approach to stirring up tensions with neighboring countries is unsurprising as China “is probing its neighbors, especially Japan, Taiwan and the Philippines, and it shifts its attention, all the time.”

“China ramped up pressure on the Philippines and then pressure … sort of died down in the last couple of days, and now they’re ramping up pressure on Taiwan,” Chang said. “And while all of this is going on, we’ve now had more than 100 continuous days of Chinese vessels intruding into Japan’s waters in the East China Sea around the senkakus.”

Chinese militia ships

In this handout photo provided by the Philippine Coast Guard, suspected Chinese militia ships stay near the Philippine-claimed reef called Whitsun, locally known as Julian Felipe reef, at the disputed South China Sea on Saturday Dec. 2, 2023. The Philippine Coast Guard said on Dec. 3 that they have monitored more than a hundred suspected Chinese militia ships have gathered around the reef near Palawan province, Philippines.  (Philippine Coast Guard via AP)

“So, really what they’re doing is they are pressuring, and then they’ll let up, and they’ll go someplace else and pressure at that place,” he explained. 

Chang stressed, though, that the Philippines remain “the weakest militarily” of those three targets, despite the agreement of mutual defense with the United States. 

“Biden himself, on October 25th issued a warning from the steps of the White House when the Australian prime minister was visiting him that the United States was prepared to use force, so the Chinese just don’t believe Biden at all,” Chang argued. 

“There are a lot of people out there who say we will be fighting China this year or next year,” Chang added. “I’m not saying we will, but I’m saying if we will, it’s more likely that the fight starts over the Philippines than it starts over Taiwan or Japan.” 

“If you look at the situation involving the Philippines, it’s easier to construct an argument or a scenario that we’re going to go to war with [China] over the Philippines … because you got all the elements in place,” he concluded. “You’ve got all the elements in place for a great power war that starts in the Philippines.”

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